Basketball is a fun and accessible sport for everyone. Besides helping you stay in shape, it also gives you the opportunity to make new friends and become more confident and determined. Whether you are playing basketball for fun, or you want to be better at it and become a professional basketball players, it’s essential to learn more about the rules and regulations of this game. Here’s what you need to know.
Number of players
During a competition, there’s a limited number of players on the court. In a team only 5 players are allowed to play on court, while other 5 players are sitting on the bench, waiting for their turn. Each of these 5 players that are sitting on the bench can be used for substitution in case one of the players on the court can’t play anymore, due to various reasons. When it comes to playing for fun, you can either play on your own or choose to play with teams of 1 to 5 players.
Scoring is relatively easy to keep in mind, as a rule. There’s nothing complicated about it. If you throw the ball into the basket you earn 1, 2 or 3 points. Shooting from the outside of the 3 points line will get you 3 points. A field goal is worth 2 points, while a free throw will get you one point.
When playing, each player of the team will be assigned a position on the court. The height of the player is a crucial factor here, because depending on how tall the player is he will receive a specific position. As a general rule, the tallest players stays in the center of the court (position 5), while the shortest player plays “guard”, namely position 1 and 2. The medium size players play the positions 3 and 4, also called “forwards”.
Fouls are unauthorized actions which are generally committed by a player from one team against the player from the opposing team. There are two main types of fouls: defensive and offensive fouls. Defensive fouls take place when the defender fouls the offender, while offensive fouls occur when the offender charges into a player in defense. In order to avoid committing fouls, it’s important to limit contact as much as possible or even entirely because basketball is a non-contact game.
Violations take place when a player breaks the official rules of basketball and as a consequence the ball will be rewarded to the opposite team. A violation can also occur when a player takes more than 2 steps without bouncing the ball or when the player he uses both hands to bounce the ball, also called a double dribble. You can also commit a violation when you”carry”, meaning that while using the ball you twist your hand bringing it under the ball.